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Order Song birds/Passeriformes, Family Finches/Fringillidae

Twite/Carduelis flavirostris - Adult

The Twite (Carduelis flavirostris) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae.

The Twite is a small finch, similar in size and shape to a Linnet, at 13 to 13.5 centimetres (5.1 to 5.3 in) long. It lacks the red head patch and breast shown by the Linnet and the redpolls. It is brown streaked with black above, with a pink rump. The underparts buff to whitish, streaked with brown. The conical bill is yellow in winter and grey in summer. The call is a distinctive "twit", from which derives its name, and the song contains fast trills and twitters.

This bird breeds in northern Europe and across central Asia. It is partially resident, but many birds migrate further south, or move to the coasts. It has declined sharply in parts of its range, notably Ireland.

Treeless moorland is favoured for breeding. It builds its nest in a bush, laying 4–7 eggs.

This species can form large flocks outside the breeding season, sometimes mixed with other finches on coasts and salt marshes. The food is seeds.

The phylogeny has been obtained by Antonio Arnaiz-Villena et al.

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carduelis_flavirostris

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